There are different ways to get rid of insects and arthropods, ranging from biological and chemical to physical control methods.
When things get beyond a tolerable level and create discomfort, we often need to apply adequate winged and non-winged insect extermination measures.
Because of this, we will discuss insect repellent and other forms of control. Insects are found everywhere.
Although tiny, their presence can sometimes become unbearable when their numbers exceed economically tolerable levels.
However, we need to identify their source to control ants and other insects in your house effectively. This usually includes eliminating their breeding grounds, among others.
Whether you need residential or commercial insect control, the steps to be followed are similar.
Some of the most common insects include spiders, roaches, mosquitoes, termites, ants, wasps, flies, bed bugs, and many more. Some bugs sting, some cause damage to property (such as termites), while others spread diseases like malaria (e.g., mosquitoes).
To keep yourself safe, you need to adopt effective insect control measures.
Insects also cause damage to plants and crops like weevils, grasshoppers, caterpillars, etc. Their activities require urgent treatment measures. This is what this article is about.
We will discuss practical ways to keep these insects at bay.
Insect Extermination Strategies, Products, and Devices
- Bed Bugs
- Palmetto Bugs
- German Roaches
- Brown Recluse Spiders
- Carpenter Bees
- Dust Mites
- Spider Mites
- Drain Flies
- Yellow Jackets
- Sugar Ants
- Carpenter Ants
- Japanese Beetles
- Flour Beetles
- Indian Meal Moths
- Silverfish Bugs
- Black Widow Spiders
- Pantry Moths
- Deer Flies
- Bird Mites
- Drywood Termites
- Ground Bees
- Sod Webworms
- Squash Bugs
- Boxelder Bugs
- Powderpost Beetles
- Sand Fleas
- Cicada Killer Wasps
- Larder Beetles
- Yellow Flies
- Water Bugs
- Kissing Bugs
- Gypsy Moths
- Mosquito Hawks
- Cluster Flies
- Cucumber Beetles
- Daddy Long Legs
- Swarmer Termites
- Fruit Flies
- Black Flies
- Bumble Bees
- Chinch Bugs
- Wolf Spiders
- Sweat Bees
- Pharaoh Ants
- June Bugs
- Mold Mites
- Subterranean Termites
- Roly-Poly bugs
- Jumping Spiders
- Cloth-Eating Bugs
- Tomato Bugs
- Harvester Ants
- Mud Daubers
- Cloth Moths
- Milkweed Bugs
- Sand Wasps
- Wood-Boring Beetles
- Rice Weevils
This article will focus on two significant areas;
- Getting rid of insects in residential and commercial properties
- Outdoor control for farm crops
1) Residential and Commercial Options
Residential and commercial insect control services are mostly in-door focused.
However, you can take outdoor preventive treatments. This may include removing stagnant water and cleaning drainage, among others.
For such services, individual or commercial clients may require the services of extermination companies to get the job done.
DIY Residential Option is standard for many households. It is mainly adopted when insect infestation is not full-blown. In other words, the infestation levels are manageable and can be treated using several DIY methods. Some popular ones include;
Focus on the Source
Get rid of water leaks. Because insects need water, leaky pipes provide the perfect conditions for festering. You need to keep all dry food in tightly sealed containers and food crumbs swept away immediately.
Food odors should also be eliminated using a solution containing 1 part of water and 1 part of vinegar. You should use this solution to wipe every surface that comes with food.
Roaches and other types of insects target drainage for food. Half a cup of vinegar and an equal part of soda should be poured down the drain to eliminate your drainage of any leftover food.
This should be followed by boiling water after 5 minutes. It would help if you disposed of the trash properly, and your trashcan should have a lid.
Use Essential Oils
You should spray this all around your home.
You can use the following essential oils: lemongrass, rosemary, lavender, citronella, geranium, lemon eucalyptus, peppermint, patchouli, tea tree, and peppermint.
These are effective as homemade killers for pests such as mosquitoes, flies, chiggers, fleas, ticks, ants, spiders, ants, and gnats.
Commercial Insect Control: Insect infestation is not limited to residential properties alone. Businesses or commercial property owners are also faced with such problems.
Under commercial insect control, you may require treatment for multiple business outlets. Such may include restaurants, daycare, hotels, lodges, etc.
For commercial insect control, the best method to adopt is using the services of pest control companies. They are skilled in handling different pest infestation scenarios.
Different commercial entities may require different approaches to be adopted for the best results.
For this, the professionals will provide better services.
2) Outdoor or Agricultural Insect Control
Insect infestation is also a problem for farmers.
Like residential and commercial insect control, this also has several treatment methods: biological control, mechanical control, physical control, Integrated Pest Management IPM, and chemical control.
Let’s discuss each of this starting with;
Biological Insect Extermination
Under the biological treatment option for insect infestation, insect pathogens such as fungi, viruses, and bacteria are used to control insects. This popular method adopts the deployment of beneficial organisms to ensure that destructive insects are kept at bay.
When seeking the services of pest control companies, this option is available to be used alone or with other equally effective pest control methods.
Mechanical Insect Removal Methods
The use of mechanical insect control is best suited for small-scale pest infestations. Gardeners and other small-sized farm holdings mostly use this. It is also used in homes as well.
So what is this method all about? It involves using water spray to dislodge insects from plants and tilling soils to expose insects to predators like birds or even to desiccation.
Mechanical insect control also includes picking these insects (huge ones) off of plants. Doing this on a large-sized farm is not possible. However, you can use it in conjunction with other pest control methods.
Physical pest control is standard and involves the introduction of physical barriers to prevent insects from gaining entrance or access.
Such include greenhouses that keep out insects, window screens, plant collars, and similar physical control measures. You can use this method of insect pest management in homes as well.
Integrated Pest Management IPM
This is a more holistic approach to combating pests.
It involves the merging of multiple pest control methods that are highly effective and environmentally friendly. It will only use environmentally damaging methods as a last resort.
This method is continually evolving with better pest management options incorporated.
Chemicals are widely used across the world to get rid of insects.
This is the use of chemicals (either synthesized or natural) to eliminate insects, inhibit mating or cause insect irritation. These include irritants.
These disrupt the reproductive habits of insects and ensure they do not feed on plants.
Chemical insect control requires frequent application.
Other types of chemicals are insecticides. These are used not to repel or irritate but to eliminate! While this insect extermination option has been very effective for insect elimination, it is known to harm the environment.
Compared to other listed methods, using chemicals has proven to be the most efficient for large-scale commercial agriculture pest control.
Apart from being used for agriculture, this is widely used for eliminating disease-carrying insects, especially mosquitoes. While chemical control has found wide applications, it also has its disadvantages.
This has also affected beneficial non-target insects and organisms in many situations and is hazardous.
When to Contact the Insect Pest Control Experts
Lots of times, people prefer DIY methods of treating insect infestation.
However, when it becomes overwhelming, professional help is sought. An overwhelming situation may result when the treatment methods used do not seem to show positive signs.
Under such conditions, you may concentrate on the effects and ignore the cause.
By treating the effects, you may get only a short period of relief before the problem returns. This is where professionals step in to examine the situation and provide lasting solutions.
We have seen that getting rid of insects is a delicate process that requires a thorough understanding of the problem and applying the proper treatment procedures.
Whether you need insect control services for residential or commercial properties, there are different alternatives you can adopt as provided here.
It would help if you went through each of these to determine what suits your insect extermination needs.